At Castle Rock Pueblo in southwestern Colorado archaeologists have learned about the past culture of the Anasazi peoples through both the objects left behind, and the oral traditions of modern Puebloan people.
Primary historical documents that archaeologists may consult before beginning their field research include: maps and/or photographs of the area, newspapers, land and tax records, and diaries and letters.
The prehistoric burials at Low Hauxley on the coast of England were discovered by an observant beach walker who noticed a stone box sticking out of a sand dune after a storm.
A burial ground with remains of more than 400 17th and 18th century Africans was discovered during building construction in New York City.
It helps determine where you look for sites based on factors like distance from water, ground steepness, soil type, and other factors that influence where people settle or perform certain tasks.
The methods used to find sites will depend upon the kind of research questions that the archaeologist is trying to answer.
It will also outline where artifacts recovered from the project will be stored, and how the research will be reported and shared with the public.